Damage To The Cornea Resulting in Eye Injury
Your cornea is the top transparent dome-shaped surface of your eyes. This being so, it is the part of the eye that is most vulnerable to outside forces, and likely to be at risk to eye injuries if one does not take proper care.
The eye injuries that can be experienced because of foreign bodies is generally minor. For instance, while outdoors, there is a sudden burst of wind and you are facing in the direction opposite to the flow of the wind, a speck of dust, eyelash, or any other small object can enter your eye. We have all experienced this, and the best way to get rid of foreign objects is to flush your eyes.
Rubbing vigorously on your eyes can actually be harmful to your cornea because you could scratch your cornea, develop an eye infection like corneal ulcers or conjunctivitis.
You could also damage your cornea from using contact lenses improperly. For example, you are never suppose to sleep with contact lenses on. You should also make sure that your contact lenses fit properly and are always clean before putting them on. Eye problems caused by poor maintenance of contact lenses is very common. The act of putting your contact lenses on after it drops (like what you see in the movies) is absolutely wrong. This is because your lenses could have picked up miniscule particles and these could lead to eye problems.
You can tell if your cornea has been scratched because of pain, sensation of something in your eye, swelling, or tearing. You could also suddenly have blurred vision or sensitivity to light.
If you feel any of these symptoms, have a check up as soon as possible if flushing does not help. Eye injuries are particularly sensitive since it can affect our vision. Avoid driving if your vision is impaired in any way.
To prevent eye infection, you should request an eye exam. Your eye doctor will probably ask you all about the conditions under which you got the sudden change in your eyesight. To help him with the eye treatment, he will need to know exactly what is wrong. To do this, he can use an eye drop like Opthaine which will reveal the physical condition of the affected eye. If there is a foreign object in the eye, your eye doctor will probably try to remove it through irrigation or with a special tool.
For bacterial infections, the best eye treatment would be an antibiotic eye drop and some pain relievers and an eye patch.
Most eye problems that are caused by foreign objects do not require this kind of eye treatment. On the average, they will heal on their own within 3 days.
Major Eye Problems With Chemical Burns In Your Eyes
Even in your very own home, it is possible to get toxic chemicals into your eyes by accident. Some of the household cleaners, detergents, even paint and bug spray are considered dangerous elements. These can cause chemical burns in your eyes and result in major eye injuries.
If you erred and accidentally ended up with drops of chemical powder or liquid in your eyes, immediately flush your eyes with saline or water. Be aware that chemicals like acids will create a severe burning sensation which will want you to keep your eyes closed. The problem with this is that you are allowing the chemical to stay in your eyes, and this could create graver eye problems unless flushed out.
Naturally, you will be unable to drive yourself to the nearest emergency room, but while you are waiting for someone to help you, keep flushing the eyes, for as long as it takes. You can stay under a shower, or use the shower head to flush your eyes. You can also get someone to assist you by physically opening your eyes for you.
At this point, it is vital that you disregard the pain and allow the water to gently remove any chemical drops or powder that could have entered your eyes.
The problems you may encounter with this kind of eye injury are scarring, tearing of your eyes, damage to either the surface of your eyes, and maybe even partial or total loss of vision.
As soon as you can see an eye doctor, do it. The usual procedure for eye treatment for chemical burns would be to put anesthesia to help with the pain and allow the eyes to remain open.
Irrigation of the eyes could take as long as 2 hours, if necessary. When the eye doctor is certain that water will no longer help, he will do an eye exam, both the outer visible eye, the eyelid, and the inside of your eyelid. The objective here is to remove any substance that held on even with irrigation.
Eye treatment may also include drops to stop the spasms and an antibiotic to treat any burns. A pain reliever can also be prescribed to help deal with the discomfort and pain.
The major issue with chemical burns to the eye is blindness. This is why time is of the essence. Medical attention and an extensive eye exam should be administered within 24 hours of the accident or risk complications like deformities and blindness.
After the initial eye treatment, you should have regular check ups and doctor visits to monitor your healing progress.
Eye injuries because of chemicals is a preventable situation if you keep all toxic substances away from the reach of children, and by using protection when handling these items. Better yet, it might be a good idea to look for alternative natural “green” products instead of buying the highly poisonous and dangerous traditional household cleaning agents and sprays.
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