How to Live with Diabetes

Proper medical supervision with diet and exercise are some of the remedies to regulate diabetes. Here is a write up giving brief insight into this incurable disease.

Diabetes is one of the diseases requiring proper medical attention and management. This is an incurable disease and at best it can be effectively managed.

Symptoms:

Excessive thirst, sudden weight loss, fatigue, excessive urination is some of the symptoms of diabetes. Further, wound which does not heal or takes more than the normal time to heal, ulcers in the foot, eye problem and fungal infections are other indications of the onset of diabetes. People with poor eating habits and those who do not have many exercises are prone to this disease.

The disease could affect people of all ages including children. If it is found in children, it is called Juvenile diabetes.

Diabetes is developed by the lack of insulin produced by the pancreas. The function of insulin is to regulate glucose in the blood. It controls hyperglycemia or high level of Blood Sugar. Insulin is produced in the Islet cells of the pancreas. The insulin has the glucose which is delivered to the cells of the Human body. The glucose is delivered to the cells’ receptor portion. If sugar is not controlled or regulated, then the person may slip into Coma and the patient may ultimately die.

There are many types or degrees of diabetes. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes are discussed here.

Type 1:

Earlier this type of diabetes was known as Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM). This is an autoimmune disease where the body’s own autoimmune system kills the islet cells in the pancreas. Due to lack of Islets, the pancreases do not produce insulin which results in the onset of diabetes. To regulate the disease, sometimes islet cells of the pancreas are replaced.

Type 2:

Type 2 diabetes is not serious. It can be easily managed by diet and healthy lifestyle. Type 2 diabetes is not an autoimmune disease.

To ascertain the gravity of the diabetes, the doctors normally suggest pathological investigation of blood glucose and urine during fasting. Blood sugar in the fasting stage ranging between 70-99 milligrams per day (mg/dl) is considered normal. If this level reads 100/126 mg/dl it is considered as diabetic symptom. Diabetes, if it is not regulated can affect the eyes, kidney and even cause heart attack.

In order to regulate the diabetes, many prescription medicines are available. These medicines have to be taken under medical supervision. Added to that, proper diet and exercise as advised by the doctor will have to be followed.